Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of
India's flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary
Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the
Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of
6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.
SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the
entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million
The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have
schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through
provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant
and school improvement grants.
Existing schools with inadequate teacher strength are provided with additional
teachers, while the capacity of existing teachers is being strengthened by
extensive training, grants for developing teaching-learning materials and
strengthening of the academic support structure at a cluster, block and district
SSA seeks to provide quality elementary education including life skills. SSA has
a special focus on girl's education and children with special needs. SSA also
seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide.